【文章摘要】Landslide deformation is the most intuitive and effective characterization of the evolution of landslides and reveals the inherent risk of landslides. Considering the inadequacy of existing deformation monitoring data for early warnings regarding landslide hazards, resulting in insufficient disaster response times, this paper proposes a time-domain correlation model. Based on the process of rainfall-induced landslide deformation, the time-domain correlation between regional rainfall and landslide deformation is proposed, which can reflect the temporal characteristics of landslide responses to rainfall, and the calculation method of the impulse response function is designed to quantitatively model and calculate the correlation. Furthermore, rainfall monitoring data are used to optimize the landslide deformation monitoring indicator system for early warnings regarding landslide instability. The feasibility of the method proposed in this paper is verified by analyzing the historical monitoring data of rainfall and landslide deformation at nine typical locations in five landslide hazard areas in Fengjie County, Chongqing city. (1) The correlation models for the XP landslide involve a delayed rainfall response time of 5 for deformation, respectively, as well as the existence of a cycle of 55–56 days, which means that the above area can advance the landslide warning by one lag time based on the cycle; (2) The correlation models for the OT landslide show consistent correlations under a 48–50-day cycle, which means that the deformation in the above areas can be predicted based on rainfall accumulation. (3) The HJWC landslide presents a turbulence correlation, which means that other monitoring data need to be supplemented and analyzed.
【文章信息】Wu, T.; Xie, X.*; Wu, H.; Zeng, H.; Zhu, X. A Quantitative Analysis Method of Regional Rainfall-Induced Landslide Deformation Response Variation Based on a Time-Domain Correlation Model. Land 2022, 11, 703. https://doi.org/10.3390/land11050703
Figure 1. Conceptual diagram of regional rainfall-induced landslide deformation time-domain correlation measurement